Archaeological evidence sheds new light on early human presence in western Iran

TEHRAN – Newly discovered stone tools and animal remains have shed new light on the history of human presence in Paveh County, Kermanshah Province, in western Iran.

Based on new archaeological findings, the history of human habitation in Paveh County, located in southern Hawraman (Uramanat), is estimated to date back more than 40,000 years, the provincial tourism chief said. Jabbar Gohari in an interview. with Salam Paveh last week.

The survey was carried out near the villages of Shamshir and Zardui, in the south of the Hawraman region, with the close cooperation of archaeologists from the Paleolithic department of the Iranian National Museum and the Department of Cultural Heritage, Tourism and Culture. Kermanshah crafts, the official said.

Gohari added that recent archaeological finds in the area hold promise for further studies on Hawraman’s prehistory. Referring to the preliminary results of this archaeological reconnaissance, Gohari said the human history of the area is much older than previously thought.

“Based on these recent findings, the history of human habitation in Paveh County dates back over 40,000 years and this early evidence adds to the richness and importance of the Hawraman region of Kermanshah. “

“Paleolithic hunters used two rock shelters for seasonal or short-term habitation near the villages of Shamshir and Zardui during a period that archaeologists call the Middle Paleolithic,” the official explained.

According to the archaeologists involved in this research, the inhabitants of these two shelters, most likely Neanderthals, used flint to produce stone tools, which according to their type and method of chipping (like Levallois technology) belong to the Middle Paleolithic. (40,000 to 200,000 years ago), Gohari added.

In addition to stone tools, the presence of animal remains such as fragments of bones and teeth in these shelters, which mostly belong to ibex, can provide a window to study the ancient biodiversity of the area during the ice age, he said.

Gohari pointed out that Middle Paleolithic human remains were found in several shelters in the Sirwan River Valley near Hajij (Hawraman) during the Darian Dam archaeological recovery program, which was carried out under the direction of Fereidoun Biglari in 2015.

In July, UNESCO added Uramanat Cultural Landscape to its list of World Heritage sites. The United Nations body accepted the landscape, which is home to hundreds of villages, 106,000 hectares of land and 303,000 hectares of surrounding properties, at the 44th session of the World Heritage Committee, held in Fuzhou in China.

Stretching on the slopes of Sarvabad County and shared between Kordestan and Kermanshah provinces, the rural area embraces rows of dense, stepped houses such that the roof of each house forms the courtyard of the tallest one, a characteristic feature. which adds to its charm and appeal.

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